Think of someone who preserves their own food. Why they might go through all that trouble? They might tell you it is because they want to feed their families healthy homegrown food throughout the cold winter months, or because they want to be prepared with plenty of food in case their circumstances change.
Bees make and store honey for the same reasons. They need honey to feed their young. Honey helps them survive the cold winter months when they can’t get out and find flowers to make their food - and they need to visit lots of flowers. Honey's taste, smell and texture depend on the type of flower that each bee visits.
How do bees make honey? First, they collect a sugary juice called nectar from the blossom by sucking it out with their tongues. It is then stored in their honey stomach, which is different from their food stomach. When they have a full load, they fly back to the hive. From there, it is passed on through their mouths to other worker bees who chew it for about half an hour. It's given from bee to bee, until it gradually turns into honey. Bees store it in honeycomb cells, which are like tiny mason jars made of wax. The honey is still a bit wet, so they fan it with their wings to make it dry out and become more sticky. When it's ready, the bees seal the cell with a wax lid to keep it clean.